Cornish Biodiversity Network  -  Supporting Wildlife Recording

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Cornish Red Data (2009)

The descriptive text, below the map, is from the Cornish Red Data Book (2009). The map on this web page depicts the organisms distribution and shows the records made pre-2000 and those made since.

Balanophyllia regia - The Gold & Scarlet Coral

Range & Status

Attached to rocks, preferring caves, gullies and overhangs. Occasionally found on the

shore at ELWS but more commonly in the shallow sub-littoral zone down to about 20m depth of water. This anthozoan is restricted to the extreme south-west coasts of the British Isles, Devon, Cornwall and Dyfed. Elsewhere it extends southwards to the Mediterranean, Morocco and the Canary Islands. Balanophyllia regia is protected under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) 1975.

Click here to see Aphotoflora images by David Fenwick


I.J. Bennallick, S. Board, C.N. French, P.A. Gainey, C. Neil, R. Parslow, A. Spalding and P.E. Tompsett. eds. 2009. Red Data Book for Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly. 2nd Edition.Croceago Press.

The Cornish Red Data Book Project was led by the Cornwall and Isles of Scilly Federation for Biological Recorders (CISFBR). The full text and species accounts (minus the maps) are available on the CISFBR website.